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On 5 and 19 August, the United Nations held the third session of the second OEE unit in Geneva, Switzerland, to introduce a legal ban on nuclear weapons. The OEWG has released a final report outs setting out several key factors: the importance of the NWS for the implementation of the necessary measures, as outlined at the NPT Review Conference in 2000, the importance of new multilateral negotiations and the lack of guidelines for the implementation of Article VI of the NPT. The document also provided a number of legal mechanisms for the international community to implement Article VI of the NPT, including the prohibition of weapons, their use, NWFZ or any new legal ban on nuclear weapons or their use. The first round of UN negotiations on a nuclear deal was held in New York from 27 to 31 March. More than 120 countries participated in the negotiations. However, the United States boycotted the nine nuclear weapons available to states and most of their allies. Topics covered included the treaty`s objectives, pre-ambulatory paragraphs and basic prohibitions, as well as its legal and institutional provisions. While states generally agreed on the widespread inclusion of the prohibition treaty, some issues remained controversial. States disagreed on whether or not the prohibition treaty required separate revision protocols under the NPT. States disagreed on how to effectively stop the storage and transfer of nuclear weapons. States have also been divided on whether to include a language ban on nuclear testing and a ban on the nuclear threat. The Soviet Union destroyed 1,846 weapons and the United States destroyed 846 weapons by the 1991 deadline. The treaty continued to ban the possession of such weapons on both sides until U.S.
President Donald Trump announced the U.S. withdrawal in 2019. Although 160 states supported the humanitarian initiative at the NPT Review Conference in 2015, the conference failed to adopt a consensus final document. Many countries have been dissatisfied with this outcome and have attempted to transfer efforts to develop the disarmament programme to a full-time working group on nuclear disarmament in the United Nations General Assembly. For many proponents of nuclear disarmament, the UN General Assembly has been a privileged negotiating forum, as it is voted on by the majority of Member States as if by consensus.