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Therefore, in the event of a substitution of the parties, the new contractor assumes the legal situation of the existing contractor, defined both by its obligations and by its rights relating to the existence of the undertaking (Supreme Court decision of September 19, 2007, case II CSK 236/07), and the existing holder is exempt from the obligation to execute the contract. One of these consequences is the extinguishment of the obligation to pay the original contractor. Substitution of the parties in a contract contract contract under public procurement law is possible where the contracting authority has expressly provided for the possibility of such a change in the notice of contract and has specified the conditions of such an amendment. In the practice of public procurement, an interesting question is whether a contractual provision authorizing the contracting authority to entrust the execution of the contract to a third party (replacement benefit) can be considered a review clause allowing the substitution of parties. The alternative institution has its reference to Article 480 of the Civil Code. In essence, it is possible for an obligated to submit to an obligation imposed on the debtor at the debtor`s expense if the debtor does not fulfil his obligation within the allotted time (Gdansk Court of Appeal judgment of October 4, 2013, case I ACa 788/12). The replacement benefit may include a third party performing some of the work that the original debtor should be doing. A replacement contract occurs when two or more parties participate in a joint venture and find that the current agreement is no longer relevant or effective. In this case, the parties replace the original contract with a new contract. This requires the agreement of all parties involved.
If the original contract has been written, the replacement contract must also be written. A replacement contract can also be considered an amendment to an agreement if the contract as a whole remains unchanged, but if changes are added to meet certain requirements. A replacement contract is an agreement between parties who participated in a previous contract. The replacement contract replaces the original contract, replaces it in its entirety and triggers the terms of the original contract. Replacement contracts are not equivalent contracts, as innovation assumes that a third party who was not part of the original contract is involved. In innovation scenarios, the contract is issued without delay if the third party is accepted by the subject. Replacement contracts immediately lighten the previous contract and merge into the new contract. The result is an effect that renders the original contract unenforceable, unless there is a specific agreement that says something else.